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What are Mortgages and Their Types?

Mortgage and Their types

About Mortgages

A mortgage is a kind of financial institution that encourages individuals to borrow money from a lender to purchase their favorite real estate. Don’t worry this is the secured loan, with the property itself serving as surety. Mortgages are the best option to opt, for not to pay the entire amount to the property owner for real estate. This guide helps you to explore mortgages and their types with key factors that borrowers should know.

I. Basic Concepts of Mortgages:

1. Principal and Interest:

  • The principal is the amount initially borrowed, which represents the land’s purchase price.
  • Interest is applied to the cost of borrowing money, and it is represented as a % of the principal.

2. Down Payment:

  • A down payment is a % of the Land/Property’s purchase price which is paid during the time of the deal of the property purchase ( Upfront amount paid)
  • If you pay a higher down payment, then you have to pay a low interest rate on the terms of the loan.

3. Loan Term:

  • The loan term is the period of repayment of the mortgages by the borrower to the lender/banks. The repayment plan could be different, it could be 15, 20, and 30 years of payment plan.

Related Topics:- Real Estate Investment in India

II. Types of Mortgages:

1. Fixed-Rate Mortgages:

  • In a fixed-rate mortgage, the interest rate remains constant throughout the loan term.
  • The interest rate on mortgages for the fixed rate remains constant throughout the loan term.
  • It is better for those who plan to live on their property for a long period.
  • If you are a borrower, then you get benefit from predictable repayment and long-term stability.

2. Adjustable-Rate Mortgages (ARM):

  • ARMs may change periodically, typically after an initial fixed duration.
  • ARMs look attractive when interest rates are initially lower, but the point is they carry the risk of a rate increase in the upcoming tenure months.
  • This is better for borrowers who participate in short-term homeownership.

3. FHA Loans:

  • Assured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), these kinds of loans are designed for first-time homebuyers.
  • They frequently have reduced down payment requirements and more lenient credit standards.

4. VA Loans:

  • Mortgages guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and VA loans are eligible for military veterans.
  • They offer the best and most favorable terms, including 0 down payment options.

5. USDA Loans:

  • The USDA means the United States Department of Agriculture backs these loans, especially for homebuyers in rural areas.
  • They attempted to increase homeownership in less heavily populated areas.

Related Topics:- Rental Property

III. The Mortgage Application Process:

1. Pre-Approval:

  • Before getting a loan/borrowing money for property, just pre-approved for an eligibility check to the loan amount.

2. Credit Score:

  • A credit score is a cibil score, the higher the credit score the higher chance of getting a mortgage.
  • Lenders check the credit score to know the last loan payment of history for creditworthiness.

3. Documentation:

  • Borrowers must provide an income statement from the bank, income tax returns, and other proof of assets.
  • It is proof of the borrowers’ fast access to mortgages.

4. Closing Costs:

  • It includes the fees for services such as title search, appraisal, and legal expenses.
  • You should know the closing cost before getting a loan from the lenders/banks.


We have explained in simple terms about the mortgage, better understanding before delving into the lender’s money. The different types of mortgages give you knowledge about the different purposes of accessibility to the mortgages. By reading this guide, borrowers can decide to be involved in loan terms for property ownership by borrowed income.

Frequently Asked Questions

Mortgage is the term when a borrowers borrow money from lenders for property ownership.

Mortgages term means the duration, when a borrower gets the loan amount from lenders until they paid off.

The term mortgage is derived from a Law French term used in Britain during the Middle Ages that means “death pledge” and refers to the pledge terminating (dying) when either the debt is met or the property is removed through foreclosure.


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